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Spain

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Country summary

Capital

Madrid

Borders

Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km

Government type

parliamentary monarchy

Population

40,525,002 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

0.072% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

80.05 years[1]

Unemployment

18% (2009 est.)[1]

Index of Economic Freedom

36[2]

Corruption Perceptions Index

32[3]

Doing Business ranking

62[4]


Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. The government continues to battle the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) terrorist organization, but its major focus for the immediate future will be on measures to reverse the severe economic recession that started in mid-2008.[1]

Economical characteristicsEdit

  • Currency: Euro (ISO code: EUR)
  • Central bank discount rate: 3% (May 2009)[1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: 11.02% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • is part of the Eurozone
See also: Inflations in History#Vellon inflation in Spain

StatisticsEdit

Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[5] 617 880 580 673 609 108 686 247 883 667 1 044 250 1 130 200 1 232 350 1 437 910 1 604 230
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[6] 61.103 58.924 54.439 52.975 48.321 47.277 38.376 34.085 30.084 33.801
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[7] 31.182 31.059 31.054 27.430 26.629 25.647 26.183 26.975 27.741 24.459
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[8] 32.052 31.277 30.488 26.739 25.550 26.041 24.952 24.989 25.193 26.271
Debt to revenue (years) 1.960 1.897 1.753 1.931 1.815 1.843 1.466 1.264 1.084 1.382

ReferencesEdit

Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 CIA - The World Facebook. "Spain", from The World Facebook. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  2. Heritage Foundation. "Spain", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  3. Transparency International. "Spain", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  4. Doing Business. "Spain", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  5. World Bank. "Spain: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  6. World Bank. "Spain: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  7. World Bank. "Spain: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  8. World Bank. "Spain: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.

External linksEdit

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