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Panama

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Country summary

Capital

Panama City

Borders

Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km

Government type

constitutional democracy

Population

3,360,474 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

1.503% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

77.25 years[1]

Unemployment

7% (2009 est.)[1]

Index of Economic Freedom

60[2]

Corruption Perceptions Index

84[3]

Doing Business ranking

77[4]


Explored and settled by the Spanish in the 16th century, Panama broke with Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela - named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When the latter dissolved in 1830, Panama remained part of Colombia. With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the subsequent decades. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were transferred to Panama by the end of 1999. In October 2006, Panamanians approved an ambitious plan (estimated to cost $5.3 billion) to expand the Canal. The project, which began in 2007 and could double the Canal's capacity, is expected to be completed in 2014-15.[1]

Economical characteristicsEdit

  • Currency: Balboa, U.S.Dollar (ISO code: PAB, USD)
  • This country does not seem to have a central bank.
  • Central bank discount rate: [1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: 8.16% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Stock of money (M1): $3.764 billion (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Quasi money (with M1 makes M2): $15.84 billion (31 December 2008)[1]


StatisticsEdit

Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[5] 11 456 11 621 11 808 12 272 12 933 14 179 15 465 17 137 19 485 23 088
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[6]
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[7] 23.230 23.125 25.555
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[8] 21.320 22.096 23.172
Debt to revenue (years)

ReferencesEdit

Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 CIA - The World Facebook. "Panama", from The World Facebook. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  2. Heritage Foundation. "Panama", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  3. Transparency International. "Panama", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  4. Doing Business. "Panama", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  5. World Bank. "Panama: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  6. World Bank. "Panama: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  7. World Bank. "Panama: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.
  8. World Bank. "Panama: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-30.

External linksEdit

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