Changes in the money supplyEdit
There is a number of monetary aggregates to measure and interpret the money supply.
According to the Bank of England, M0 or "narrow money" is composed of notes and coin in circulation outside the Bank of England, and banks’ operational deposits with the Bank of England. It is not published by this bank since 2006, but other banks continue using variants of it.
The Federal Reserve defines M1 as the sum of currency held outside the vaults of depository institutions, Federal Reserve Banks, and the U.S. Treasury; travelers checks; and demand and other checkable deposits issued by financial institutions (except demand deposits due to the Treasury and depository institutions), minus cash items in process of collection and Federal Reserve float.
The Fed defines M2 as M1 plus savings deposits (including money market deposit accounts) and small-denomination (under $100,000) time deposits issued by financial institutions; and shares in retail money market mutual funds (funds with initial investments under $50,000), net of retirement accounts.
For the Fed, M3 is M2 plus large-denomination ($100,000 or more) time deposits; repurchase agreements issued by depository institutions; Eurodollar deposits, specifically, dollar-denominated deposits due to nonbank U.S. addresses held at foreign offices of U.S. banks worldwide and all banking offices in Canada and the United Kingdom; and institutional money market mutual funds (funds with initial investments of $50,000 or more).
- ↑ Paul M. Johnson. "Money stock", from "A Glossary of Political Economy Terms".
- ↑ Henry Hazlitt. "What You Should Know About Inflation", Mises Institute, referenced 2010-10-0.
- ↑ Murray N. Rothbard. "C. Secondary Developments of the Business Cycle", Man, Economy and State, referenced 2010-03-09.
- ↑ Bank of England. "Explanatory Notes - M0", referenced 2010-10-06.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 The European Central Bank. "Monetary aggregates". Referenced 2010-10-05.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. "Definitions" (pdf) from Monetary trends. Referenced 2010-10-06.
- Money supply on Wikipedia
- The Fallacy of the Money Supply by William L. Anderson
- 2.3 Monetary statistics (pdf) - Monetary aggregates in the Euro Area
- Making Sense of Money Supply Data by Frank Shostak, December 2003
- How Should We Define the Money Supply? Austrian Versus Monetarist Approach (pdf) by Nicolas Bouzou
- Series: True Money Supply
- Austrian Definitions of the Supply of Money (pdf) by Murray N. Rothbard, 1978
- The "Proper" Supply of Money by Murray Rothbard, from What Has Government Done to Our Money?
- Why Money Supply Matters by Thorsten Polleit, November 2005
- The Mystery of the Money Supply Definition (pdf) by Frank Shostak, 2000