Country summary


Nicosia (Lefkosia)



Government type



1,084,748 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

1.69% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

77.49 years[1]


5.3% (2009 est.)[1]

Index of Economic Freedom


Corruption Perceptions Index


Doing Business ranking


A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Turkish and Cypriot Governments to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities started negotiations under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized Greek Cypriot Government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.[1]

Economical characteristicsEdit

  • Currency: Euro (ISO code: EUR)
  • Central bank discount rate: 3% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: 7.19% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • is part of the Eurozone


Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[5] 9 780 9 317 9 678 10 558 13 324 15 823 16 996 18 424 21 447 24 910
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[6] 91.450 94.158 99.801 104.800 105.603 180.636 171.129 161.974
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[7] 25.686 27.760 28.953 29.246 32.029 30.039 54.606 56.740 64.183
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[8] 31.639 31.223 32.703 34.321 38.478 34.607 60.475 59.950 60.341
Debt to revenue (years) 3.294 3.252 3.412 3.272 3.516 3.308 3.016 2.524


Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 CIA - The World Facebook. "Cyprus", from The World Facebook. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  2. Heritage Foundation. "Cyprus", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  3. Transparency International. "Cyprus", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  4. Doing Business. "Cyprus", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  5. World Bank. "Cyprus: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  6. World Bank. "Cyprus: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  7. World Bank. "Cyprus: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.
  8. World Bank. "Cyprus: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-09-29.

External linksEdit

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