FANDOM


Country summary

Capital

N'Djamena

Borders

Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km

Government type

republic

Population

10,329,208 (July 2010 est.)[1]

Population growth

2.069% (2010 est.)[1]

Life expectancy

47.7 years[1]

Unemployment

NA% est.[1]

Index of Economic Freedom

159[2]

Corruption Perceptions Index

175[3]

Doing Business ranking

178[4]


Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the rebels. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant rebel threat in early 2008.[1]

Economical characteristicsEdit

  • Currency: CFA franc (ISO code: XAF)
  • Central bank discount rate: 4.75% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Commercial banks lending rate: NA% (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Stock of money (M1): $934.9 million (31 December 2008)[1]
  • Quasi money (with M1 makes M2): $63.42 million (31 December 2008)[1]


StatisticsEdit

Statistic / Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
GDP (million USD)[5] 1 537 1 385 1 709 1 988 2 737 4 415 5 302 6 099 7 016 8 400
Govt. debt (% of GDP)[6]
Govt. revenue (% of GDP)[7]
Govt. expenses (% of GDP)[8]
Debt to revenue (years)

ReferencesEdit

Note: statistical data was rounded. Different sources may use different methodologies for their estimates. Debt to revenue is calculated by dividing the two variables from their original ('unrounded') values. It represents how long it would a government take to repay its entire debt if it used its whole revenue for this purpose.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 CIA - The World Facebook. "Chad", from The World Facebook. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  2. Heritage Foundation. "Chad", Economic Freedom Score. A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  3. Transparency International. "Chad", Corruption Perceptions Index 2009. A lower ranking is better; but please note that the numbers cannot be compared between countries or years due to different methodology. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  4. Doing Business. "Chad", Doing Business 2010 (part of The World Bank Group). A lower ranking is better; but please be careful when comparing between different countries or years. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  5. World Bank. "Chad: GDP", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  6. World Bank. "Chad: government debt", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  7. World Bank. "Chad: government revenue", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-01.
  8. World Bank. "Chad: government expenses", from World Bank Data. Referenced 2010-10-01.

External linksEdit

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